The term self sufficiency basically means having the ability to provide the basic needs that you and your family need to live and survive without any help from outside sources. It is also called self-reliance. The self-sufficient homestead constantly looks for a better way to care for their own needs. Self-reliance is not about isolation, but about personal responsibility and resilience.

With self-sufficiency comes potential challenges such as a learning curve at times, the effort that is requires to build self-reliant skills, and the need for discipline and determination. But the effort will be worth it because self-reliance empowers individuals to take control of their lives and make sustainable choices that are better for themselves as well as their family.

You rely on your own abilities and skills to provide for yourself and your family. It may be hard work, but you will become independent and thus, self-sufficient. I hope to not only explain self-sufficiency in this post but to also teach you some simple ways to practice self-sufficient living on your homestead.

Reasons to Practice Self-Sufficient Living

Self-sufficient farm view

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1. Personal Satisfaction

The biggest reward when achieving self-sufficiency is knowing that you can grow your own food on your own land, learn new things, and live free from others. It gives one the highest form of personal satisfaction. It gives one a greater sense of self-worth.

Knowing you have the ability to use your own resources, some basic tools, and spend less money makes self-reliant living worth the effort.

Below are other ways that self-sufficient living promotes personal satisfaction.

Sense of Achievement: 

Self-sufficient living involves taking care of essential aspects of life, such as growing your own food, generating energy, and managing resources. When you successfully accomplish these tasks, it provides a profound sense of achievement and empowerment, contributing to personal satisfaction.


Relying on your own skills and resources instead of external systems and services can boost your confidence and self-reliance. This self-reliance can lead to greater personal satisfaction, as you become less dependent on others for your basic needs.

Connection to Nature: 

Self-sufficient living often involves a closer connection to nature. Growing your own food, tending to animals, and living off the land can help you reconnect with the natural world. This connection can lead to a sense of peace, contentment, and well-being.

New vegetables in the garden.

Reduced Stress: 

Self-sufficient living can reduce the stress associated with the fast-paced, consumer-driven lifestyle. When you have control over your basic needs and are less reliant on external systems, it can lead to a simpler and less stressful life, which promotes personal satisfaction.

Financial Freedom: 

By reducing your dependence on external services and products, you can save money. This financial freedom can lead to reduced financial stress and a greater sense of personal satisfaction.

Environmental Consciousness: 

Many self-sufficient practices are eco-friendly. By reducing waste, conserving resources, and utilizing sustainable practices, you contribute to environmental conservation. Knowing that you’re making a positive impact on the planet can be deeply satisfying.

Healthy Living: 

Growing your own organic food and relying on natural resources can lead to a healthier lifestyle. This can result in increased energy, improved physical and mental health, and an overall sense of well-being and satisfaction.

Woman adding material and turning the compost pile

Creative Expression: 

Self-sufficient living often involves creative problem-solving and innovation. From designing efficient garden layouts to building sustainable structures, it allows for self-expression and creativity, which can be personally fulfilling.

Stronger Community Ties: 

Many self-sufficient communities emphasize cooperation and mutual support. This sense of community and collaboration can lead to increased personal satisfaction as you build strong, meaningful relationships with like-minded individuals.


Self-sufficiency prepares you to handle unexpected challenges and crises more effectively. Knowing that you can weather difficult times and adapt to changing circumstances can boost your personal satisfaction and confidence.

Read: Prepping Skills for a Self-Reliant Lifestyle for more information.

Canned for for storage.

Simplified Living: 

Self-sufficiency often involves decluttering your life, both physically and mentally. Simplifying your life can lead to a greater sense of personal satisfaction as you focus on what truly matters to you.

Connection to Heritage: 

For many, self-sufficient living connects them to their cultural or family heritage. This connection can be deeply satisfying as it preserves traditions and a sense of identity.

2. Political Independence

Self-sufficient living means being independent. Most people who live a self-sufficient life refuse to depend on their local government or any other government agencies. They refuse to trust the fact that in an emergency the government will provide assistance. Most self-sufficient homesteaders do not trust the government or their agencies at all.

Instead, they look for ways to provide their own energy, learn the best ways to feed their families on their own, and try to eliminate many modern conveniences in order to have a more sustainable lifestyle. Below are the top reasons why self-sufficient living promotes political independence.

Food Security: 

Growing your own food and being self-sufficient in agriculture reduces reliance on imported or centrally controlled food sources. This, in turn, decreases susceptibility to food-related political pressures or trade disruptions. It also gives you peace of mind that you know where your food is coming from.

Read: The Ultimate Guide To Starting A Survival Garden

Energy Independence: 

Generating your own energy, such as through solar panels or wind turbines, reduces dependence on centralized energy providers. This can lessen the impact of energy policies and regulations on your daily life and reduce vulnerability to energy crises in the long run. 

Solar panels to produce energy.

Water Self-Sufficiency: 

Collecting rainwater or having your own well for water supply reduces dependency on municipal water systems. This reduces exposure to water restrictions or quality issues enforced by local authorities. 

Reduced Taxes and Regulations: 

Self-sufficient individuals may find they have fewer requirements for government-provided services, which could lead to lower tax burdens and fewer bureaucratic regulations impacting their lives.

3. The Need to be Prepared

Wanting the security of feeling prepared for anything is usually the biggest and most important reason for taking the path toward self-sufficient living. Self-sufficient people have a strong desire to be prepared for potential catastrophesand any upcoming emergencies whether it be the weather, war, or other disasters.

Being prepared involves learning prepping skills such as creating an emergency kit, learning natural remedies, especially for common ailments, and creating an income for your family without a 9 to 5 job away from home. Being prepared eliminates the need to depend on the grocery store to provide enough food for your family in a crisis. It allows you to keep a long-term food supply.

Read: How to Start a Preppers Pantry

4. Preservation of the Environment

Self-sufficient people care very deeply about their environment. They reduce waste in their homes to a bare minimum. Organic practices are often used. Any materials are reused as much as possible. They use environmentally safe products. Therefore, they substantially reduce their carbon footprint. 

They teach their children ways to be more self-reliant. Self-sufficient people work towards the protection of endangered life such as bees and other wildlife.

Many self-sufficient people live in tiny homes built from sustainable materials that are considered earth-friendly or “green”. They want to use renewable energy, like solar energy, and often have solar panels to help eliminate the need for using a local power company.

Newly delivered tiny house

By incorporating sustainable and environmentally responsible practices, self-sufficient living can significantly reduce the negative impact of human activities on the environment. It promotes a more harmonious relationship between humans and nature, ultimately contributing to the preservation of the environment for current and future generations.

Self-sufficient living can significantly contribute to the preservation of the environment in several ways:

Reduced Carbon Footprint: 

Self-sufficient living often involves sustainable practices such as growing your own food, generating renewable energy, and reducing waste. All of these practices lead to a lower carbon footprint compared to more traditional, resource-intensive lifestyles.

Sustainable Agriculture: 

Self-sufficient living often includes more organic, or natural and sustainable farming practices. These practices promote healthier soils and ecosystems, reduce the use of synthetic chemicals, and protect biodiversity. This is good news for our planet.

Read: 10 Natural Ingredients to Boost Your Garden

Localized Food Production: 

Growing your own food or sourcing it locally reduces the need for long-distance transportation and the associated greenhouse gas emissions. It also supports the local farmer and small businesses and reduces the environmental impact of large-scale industrial agriculture.

Minimal Chemical Use: 

Self-sufficient individuals are more likely to use natural and organic methods for pest control and fertilization, reducing the need for harmful chemical pesticides and fertilizers that can contaminate soil and water. If everyone would contribute a little extra effort, we could start healing our planet.

Conservation of Water Resources: 

Self-sufficiency often involves water conservation practices, such as rainwater harvesting and efficient irrigation techniques. These practices can reduce how much water we waste and then promote responsible water usage. These small changes can make a true difference.

Barrels for rainwater harvesting on a small tiny home.

Resource Efficiency: 

Self-sufficient living often encourages resource efficiency and minimal waste generation. People learn to repurpose items, recycle materials, and reduce their overall consumption, which conserves natural resources and leads to less food waste.

Energy Independence: 

Many self-sufficient individuals and communities generate their own renewable energy, such as solar or wind power. This reduces reliance on fossil fuels, decreases greenhouse gas emissions, and helps combat climate change.

Read: The Truth About Solar You Need to Know

Reduction in Single-Use Plastics: 

Self-sufficient individuals often seek alternatives to single-use plastics. This then helps in reducing plastic pollution in our oceans and waterways and the environment too.

Biodiversity Preservation: 

Self-sufficiency often involves creating and maintaining diverse ecosystems. These include home gardens with a variety of plants and wildlife habitats. This supports local biodiversity which is an important thing to consider and can help protect endangered species.

Bee keepers tending bees in back yard

Sustainable Building Practices: 

Self-sufficient communities often prioritize sustainable construction methods, using natural and locally sourced materials. This reduces the environmental impact of construction and promotes energy-efficient homes. These materials may include bamboo and other natural fibers and plants.

Education and Advocacy: 

Self-sufficient individuals are often passionate about environmental issues and can serve as advocates for sustainable living and conservation efforts within their communities and beyond. 

Reduced Packaging and Waste: 

Self-sufficiency often leads to a reduction in packaging and waste. When you grow your own produce and fresh fruit and make your own products, you can minimize the need for excessive packaging and reduce the waste that ends up in landfills.

Read: How To Start A Zero Waste Homestead

Resilience to Climate Change: 

Self-sufficient living can make individuals and communities more resilient in the face of climate change, as they are better equipped to adapt to changing environmental conditions.

Eco-friendly home

Practicing Self-Sufficient Living

1. Grow Your Own Food

There are many ways to become self-sufficient. One great way is by growing your own healthy food. There are no limits here. Whether it be a simple vegetable garden, an herb garden, or crops growing over acres of land, the self-sufficient farmer is always growing some form of food. A productive garden is a good start for better food production even if it is on a smaller scale. Depending on your climate and weather, you may be able to grow your own fruits. Even a small farm can have a few fruit trees in an orchard.

Many homesteaders grow medicinal plants that are used in herbal medicine to treat common ailments. Some people grow grains and other nutritional food for animal feed to eliminate commercial feed. 

Some options include:

  • Fruit and vegetable growing: Growing what your family will eat in a plot right in your own backyard. or on your property. This includes raised bedscontainer gardens, and even a food forest.
  • Indoor gardening: Whether in a self-built greenhouse or a structure with grow lights and adequate ventilation.
  • Herb gardening: There are unlimited design options to grow all the herbs you may use, even within a fairly small amount of space.
  • Edible grains/ perennials: Provide a yearly harvest of good food.
  • Backyard orchard: Growing fruit trees that are feasible for your climate.
Backyard food forest

2. Raising Animals/ Beekeeping

Even if your property does not allow for cattle, there are many other types of animals that can be kept in smaller spaces. Small chicken coops with only 6 to 12 chickens can provide enough fresh eggs for your family. Raising rabbits are a good way to provide your own meat, high in protein, for your family.

Raising bees is a common practice and is a creative way to help pollinate your gardens during the growing season especially on a large farm. A lot of people are starting to raise bees in the backyard recently and for good reason. 

Options include:

Zebu cows on the homestead

3. Home Skills

There are so many skills to be learned that will help you on your journey to self-sufficient living. Learning new skills will enable you to become more independent. 

Think about the different things you wish to accomplish and what skills must be learned. Make a list of skills to learn that will help you accomplish your goals towards self reliance. You can learn many skills simply by watching a YouTube video or through good books on the topic. 

These skills include:

Dehydrate blueberries

4. First Aid and Prepping

With our wacky weather and all the craziness in the world, especially over the past year, everyone should know basic first aid skills and be prepared for disasters. This may include finding food sources other than their own gardens. Hunting for wild game is an example.

These skills may include:

  • Purifying water for drinking. ( You should know the water filtration basics to do it effectively.)
  • Building a fire.
  • Making DIY fire starters.
  • Basic CPR/ first aid skills
  • Learning to cook without electricity, outside.
  • Learning Self-defense.
  • Cleaning and using a gun, bow, and other weapons.
  • Make your own traps.
  • Finding water.
  • Making an emergency kit.
Emergency kit

5. Gardening Skills

Gardening skills are the green heart of self-sufficient living. They provide a gateway to nourishing, sustainable, and resilient lifestyles. In the realm of self-sufficiency, cultivating your own food not only offers the satisfaction of nurturing life, but also the power to reduce your reliance on external resources.

Whether you have acres of land or just a small balcony, the ability to grow your own produce is a fundamental skill that can transform the way you live and consume.

These skills include:


Final Thoughts

In conclusion, self-sufficient living is not just a lifestyle. It’s a transformative journey that empowers individuals and communities while promoting personal fulfillment, political independence, and environmental preservation. By embracing the principles of self-sufficiency, you can take control of your own needs, reduce your impact on the planet, and foster a greater sense of autonomy and resilience. 

The ultimate guide to self-sufficient living is a roadmap to a more sustainable, satisfying, and harmonious way of lifeā€”one that not only benefits you but also contributes to a more resilient and environmentally conscious world. So, whether you’re just beginning your journey or looking to deepen your self-sufficient practices, remember that each step you take brings you closer to a future where self-reliance, community, and a healthy planet are not just ideals but living realities.

A self-sufficient lifestyle is not easy to achieve. It doesn’t happen overnight. It takes time and sometimes a lot of work. But the results are worth the effort you put in. 

The reward is the benefit of having a life independent of outside sources. You will be able to provide most of the things you need for your family. You will live a happier, healthier, and self-sufficient life.

For more information on self-sufficient living, check out these sites!

Are you trying to become more self-sufficient on your homestead or farm? Can you think of any other ways to practice self-sufficient living?

(Updated on October 23, 2024)

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